Automated vehicles have the potential to reduce the need for parking, but they also have the potential to increase congestion through picking up and dropping off passengers. This project studies such possible environmental effects.
This white paper examines the co-benefits of reducing vehicles miles of travel. Examples include reductions in air pollutant emissions, water pollution, wildlife mortality, and traffic congestion, as well as improvements in safety and health, and savings in public and private costs.
This study demonstrates a model framework that combines a microscopic traffic simulation with emissions and microscale dispersion models to quantify the potential impacts of truck-only lanes on fuel consumption, emissions, and near-road pollutant concentrations.