The key objective of this contract is to inform the California Air Resources Board on the quickly evolving transportation patterns resulting from the deployment and adoption of emerging transportation technologies, and the disruptions associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, and identify opportunities for reduction of vehicle miles travelled (VMT) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transportation.
The research team found substantial shifts from physical commutes to teleworking, more adoption of e-14 shopping and home delivery services, more frequent trips by walking and biking for leisure purposes, and 15 changes in ride-hailing use. Also, the research team discusses implications of these findings from the perspectives of 16 environmental sustainability and social equity. This study concludes with suggestions of directions for 17 effective policy and future research.
The research team will create a quantitative spatial equilibrium model of on-site and remote worker location choice and transport demand in the contiguous United States in order to examine how the distribution of jobs and residents within and across U.S. cities would change if the 2020 surge in working from home becomes permanent, and what the effect on demand for commuting and freight transport would be.
Starting in early 2020, the world has experienced huge disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The analyses carried out in this study will shed light on the complicated impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on activity participation and travel patterns, including commuting and non-commuting (e.g., discretionary) trips, and the use of various means of travel.