Reducing Truck Emissions and Improving Truck Fuel Economy via ITS Technologies

Currently trucks are viewed as any other vehicle in traffic management. Trucks have different dynamics and different size and create traffic disturbances that affect other vehicles causing increased fuel consumption and pollution. We propose to improve our existing Port/Roadway network microscopic models in order to be able to evaluate new traffic flow and traffic light control concepts with respect to emissions and fuel economy. Some of the concepts that could be researched and evaluated include truck platooning, traffic light priority for trucks in areas of high volume of trucks, empty container reuse, ramp metering and speed limit control techniques that take into account the presence and dynamics of trucks etc. The research objective for this effort will be to develop new understanding of platooning and traffic that take into account the environmental impact of trucks interacting with other vehicles.

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