Understanding the Distributional Impacts of Vehicle Policy: Who Buys New and Used Alternative Vehicles?

Using a unique and rich dataset of electric vehicle (EV) purchases from 2011‐2016, we will examine the distribution of greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement benefits and costs in California. EVs have proliferated during this time‐period, and the market has matured to include new technologies, a robust secondary market, and a suite of policies that promote switching away from gasoline‐powered cars. Understanding who is buying these EVs, how much they are being driven, and to what extent these policies are benefiting low‐income households is central to the sustainability of alternative vehicle policies. Ours will be the first study to examine changes in the distribution of costs and benefits over the medium‐run, in a period during which the industry has become mainstream.

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