Reducing the Carbon Footprint of Freight Movement through Eco-Driving Programs for Heavy‐Duty Trucks
As part of an overall strategy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transportation sector, a variety of eco-driving techniques are being developed that show great promise. Eco-driving is the general concept of modifying driving behavior to reduce fuel consumption and GHG and pollutant emissions. By driving more smoothly, choosing appropriate speeds, and minimizing sharp accelerations/decelerations, vehicle energy consumption can be significantly reduced. To date, the majority of eco-driving studies have been focused on light-duty passenger vehicles driven by typical consumers. Far fewer studies have taken place on heavy-duty vehicles used in goods movement. This white paper summarizes the eco-driving applications applied to goods movement and trucks. Literature is summarized from programs in Europe, North America, and Asia.