Electrifying Multi-Unit Dwellings: A Study of Electric Vehicle Charger Adoption Among California Landlords

The rapid transition towards electric vehicles (EVs) is imperative to address climate change and air pollution, aligning with aggressive federal and state-level goals, such as Executive Order 14037. A critical barrier to this transition is the lack of charging infrastructure in Multi-Unit Dwellings (MUDs), where a significant population, often including lower-income and underrepresented groups, resides. This research aims to investigate the unique challenges and barriers faced by landlords and management of MUDs in deploying EV charging infrastructure, with a focus on equity considerations and community engagement. Through a comprehensive literature review, carefully crafted interview protocols, and qualitative analysis using Axial coding, the project will generate insights into decision-making processes, costs, incentives, and residents' opinions. The anticipated outcomes include a final report, policy briefs, and actionable recommendations that can guide infrastructure development in MUDs and inform policy at both the legislative level and the California Energy Commission. Engaging with community groups, tenants, landlords, and management companies, this research strives to bridge the existing gap in EV adoption in MUDs, contributing to a more equitable and sustainable transportation system. By addressing these barriers, the study has the potential to significantly impact EV adoption rates, aligning with California's ambitious goals and setting a precedent for nationwide implementation.

Research Area