Advances in infrastructure and operations, land use and travel, and vehicles and fuels will require changes in the institutions that shape the transportation system, particularly within federal, state, regional, and local agencies. Agency roles must evolve, especially for state DOTs and MPOs, and new financial and regulatory structures are needed. The National Center will develop and disseminate innovative tools that agencies need to support implementation of policies and programs to reduce GHG emissions and produce environmental, economic, and social co-benefits, and will identify and evaluate best practices for institutional change to achieve meaningful progress.
Significantly reducing GHG emissions and adapting to climate change requires a comprehensive approach that addresses each of these areas, for all modes and settings for people, services, and goods. No single segment of the transport sector, public or private, and no one strategy on its own can achieve substantial reductions in GHG emissions. The National Center’s research will address this full range of issues within the context of the full breadth of environmental, economic, and social co-benefits.